Call for Expression of Interest for 3 Post-doc researcher positions in Economics
@Università di Pisa and @Università di
Keywords: planned obsolescence, idiosyncratic sectoral shocks, working time reduction, waste, social capital, well-being, integrated assessment models
Under the initiative “Well-being In a Dematerialized Economy (WIDE),” supported by the Italian Ministry of University and Research (PRIN PNRR), the Dipartimento di Economia e Management is actively seeking to appoint 3 skilled postdoctoral researchers in the field of Economics. The positions, anticipated to span 12 months initially (with potential for extension), are projected to commence around December 2023. The remuneration for these roles is an annual gross salary of approximately 30,000 Euros, which roughly corresponds to a net monthly remittance of 1,800 Euros. To assess this compensation consider that the cost of living in the Tuscany region is not high. For instance, the average monthly rent for a single room in a shared flat is approximately 350 Euros, a coffee is 1.20, you can eat at the university restaurant for about 6€, and in a restaurant a full lunch is 13 €.
Applicants are required to hold a PhD in Economics or related disciplines, and those who are in the final stages of completing their PhD will also be considered.
Prospective candidates are invited to express their interest by completing the below indicated Google Form, which will ensure that they receive prompt notification once the official call for applications is released.
The project comprises two distinct research units, each overseen by Prof. Tommaso Luzzati (Principal Investigator, University of Pisa) and Stefano Bartolini (University of Siena). The research team at the University of Pisa includes Prof. Simone D’Alessandro, Davide Fiaschi, Vicente Rios Ibanez, and Lisa Gianmoena.
- The 2 positions at the University of PISA
The central thrust of the PISA UNIT revolves around enhancing the longevity of products, with a focus on strategies to combat planned obsolescence. The project seeks to identify and address the obstacles hindering the transition toward more durable products, both from the standpoint of producers and consumers. Furthermore, the project aims to explore the conditions under which the resultant gains in material efficiency can not only lead to reduced waste generation but also contribute to reductions in working hours without corresponding decreases in compensation. Are the advancements in material efficiency that come from prolonged product lifecycles distinct from the previous developments that failed to deliver the reduction in working hours that Keynes predicted almost a century ago?
The postdoctoral researchers are expected to contextualise the extension of product lifecycles within a multisectoral model, wherein a positive productivity shock affects a single sector, as outlined in the work of Luzzati et al. (2022). One researcher will concentrate on theoretical and empirical aspects, while the other will focus on integrating this within an Integrated Assessment Model. Consequently, candidates with a background in Industrial Organization, Labour Markets, theoretical model formulation, and IAM implementation are encouraged to apply.
Ref: Luzzati, T., Distefano, T., Ialenti, S., & Andreoni, V. (2022). The circular economy and longer product lifetime: Framing the effects on working time and waste. Journal of Cleaner Production, 380, 134836.
- The position at the University of SIENA
The Siena unit will investigate how and to what extent policies promoting social capital can enhance well-being by reducing the consumption of market goods and shifting the economy towards a more sustainable trajectory. Indeed, declining social capital drives economies towards excessive growth, as people pursue economic affluence to compensate for emotional distress and collective disempowerment resulting from poor social capital. Consequently, policies aimed at promoting social capital have the potential to expand well-being, curbing consumption, and redirecting the economy onto a more sustainable path characterized by slower economic growth. This effect has been modeled in defensive growth models (Bartolini and Bonatti 2008, Antoci and Bartolini 2004) and finds support in empirical evidence (Bartolini and Sarracino 2021).
The postdoctoral researcher is expected to collaborate on integrating social capital policies into the Eurogreen macro-simulation model (D’alessandro et al. 2020). Originally designed to analyze the long-term effects of various policy scenarios on polluting emissions, income inequality, and public deficits, the Eurogreen model underscores that emission reductions come with significant trade-offs in terms of social costs (e.g., increased unemployment and income inequality) or strain on public budgets. The central question of this project is: Can policies fostering social capital alleviate some of the trade-offs between socio-political and environmental sustainability that have been identified thus far by the Eurogreen model and related literature?”
Bartolini S, Bonatti L., Endogenous growth, decline in social capital and expansion of market activities”, Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 67 (3), pp. 917-926, 2008
Antoci A., Bartolini S, “Negative externalities, defensive expenditures and labor supply in an evolutionary context” (con A. Antoci), Environment and Development Economics, 9, pp. 591-612, 2004
Bartolini S, F. Sarracino, Happier and sustainable. Possibilities for a post-growth society, MPRA Paper No. 108309, University Library of Munich, Germany, 2021 https://ideas.repec.org/p/pra/mprapa/108309.html.
D’Alessandro, S., Cieplinski, A., Distefano, T., & Dittmer, K. (2020). Feasible alternatives to green growth. Nat. Sustain., 3(4), 329-335